SPECIFICATIONS OF THE MEDICAL/BIOLOGICAL WASTE INCINERATOR
It should be a three chambered incinerator
The load capacity of 250 kg
The housing for the incinerator should be able to withstand the temperatures and other operational requirements.
The chimney should have a strong refractory lining of special type of cement to withstand temperatures more than 1200oc.
It should have a strong base for the machine to keep it stable, firm and secure during its operational lifespan.
The primary (combustion) and the secondary (scorching) chambers to be fitted with burners for effective combustion.
In the third chamber, scrubbers and precipitators will need to be installed as pollution control equipment before emission of gases into the atmosphere.
A system for continuous emission Monitoring and Environmental Monitoring.
A mechanism with which to treat the waste water before discharge into the sewerage system.
Temperature control and monitoring devices (probe thermometer) should be availed to ensure that the right temperatures are attained in the chambers during operation.
Motor (fans) sufficient to induce enough air into the combustion chambers and direct the gases towards the flue 9 chimney).
High power electricity and emergency generator connection for automated ignition purposes.
The chimney should be tall enough and be at least one meter above the tallest building in the vicinity.
The fuel tank (industrial diesel) to be constructed next to but out side the incinerator housing for security purposes and to prevent fire hazards. Capacity of 250.
Training of all the personnel involved in health care waste (HCW) management.
The Automatic Feeding system of the Incinerator
Automatic waste loading mechanism with conveyor belts. These will lead the waste into the first primary chamber.
An Automatic bottom ashes discharge system.